Resisting Indonesia’s Culture of Impunity

Resisting Indonesia’s Culture of Impunity

Aceh’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Edited by: Jess Melvin orcid, Sri Lestari Wahyuningroem orcid, Annie Pohlman orcid

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Resisting Indonesia’s Culture of Impunity examines the role of Indonesia’s first truth and reconciliation commission—the Aceh Truth and Reconciliation Commission, or KKR Aceh—in investigating and redressing the extensive human rights violations committed during three decades of brutal separatist conflict (1976–2005) in the province of Aceh.

The KKR Aceh was founded in late 2016, as a product of the 2005 peace deal between the Indonesian government and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM). It has since faced many challenges—not least from Indonesia’s security forces and former GAM leaders, who have joined together in their determination to maintain impunity for their respective roles in the conflict. Indeed, the commission would not have been established without the tireless work of civil society actors, including non-government organisations and other humanitarian groups.

In Resisting Indonesia’s Culture of Impunity, the editors set out to amplify the role of these civil society actors in the KKR Aceh and in transitional justice in Indonesia. Each chapter has been written by a team of authors, composed predominantly of commissioners and staff from the KKR Aceh itself, members of key civil society organisations, and academics. Further, the editors aim to scrutinise the KKR Aceh from the inside and analyse the establishment and operation of what is perhaps the only genuine state-sponsored attempt to implement transitional justice in Indonesia today.


ISBN (print):
ISBN (online):
Publication date:
Aug 2023
Asian Studies Series Monograph 18
ANU Press
Asian Studies Series
Social Sciences: Politics & International Studies
Southeast Asia: Indonesia

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Resisting Indonesia’s Culture of Impunity »

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  1. The search for truth and justice in Aceh (PDF 250 KB)Jess Melvin, Sri Lestari Wahyuningroem and Annie Pohlman doi
  2. The KKR Aceh and transitional justice in Aceh (PDF 237 KB)Jess Melvin, Indria Fernida, Sri Lestari Wahyuningroem and Annie Pohlman doi
  3. The role of civil society in pushing for truth and repair in Aceh (PDF 206 KB)Evi Narti Zain and Galuh Wandita doi
  4. Transitional justice and political settlement: GAM and the KKR Aceh (PDF 187 KB)Lia Kent and Rizki Amalia Affiat doi
  5. Collecting statements and the public ‘hearing testimony’ forums (PDF 226 KB)Atikah Nuraini, Dodi Yuniar, Fitriani and Oni Imelva doi
  6. The KKR Aceh’s mapping of torture practices (PDF 235 KB)Muhamad Daud Berueh, Faisal Hadi and Annie Pohlman doi
  7. The KKR Aceh’s documentation of OTK attacks in Bener Meriah, 1999–2002 (PDF 225 KB)Jess Melvin and Azhari Aiyub doi
  8. Memorialisation in the absence of justice in Aceh (PDF 1 MB)Sri Lestari Wahyuningroem and Hendra Saputra doi

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