Fire Mountains of the Islands

Fire Mountains of the Islands

A History of Volcanic Eruptions and Disaster Management in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands

Authored by: R. Wally Johnson

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Volcanic eruptions have killed thousands of people and damaged homes, villages, infrastructure, subsistence gardens, and hunting and fishing grounds in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. The central business district of a town was destroyed by a volcanic eruption in the case of Rabaul in 1994. Volcanic disasters litter not only the recent written history of both countries—particularly Papua New Guinea—but are recorded in traditional stories as well. Furthermore, evidence for disastrous volcanic eruptions many times greater than any witnessed in historical times is to be found in the geological record. Volcanic risk is greater today than at any time previously because of larger, mainly sedentary populations on or near volcanoes in both countries. An attempt is made in this book to review what is known about past volcanic eruptions and disasters with a view to determining how best volcanic risk can be reduced today in this tectonically complex and volcanically threatening region.


ISBN (print):
ISBN (online):
Publication date:
Dec 2013
ANU Press
Arts & Humanities: Cultural Studies, History; Science: Earth & Marine Sciences, Environmental Sciences; Social Sciences: Social Policy & Administration
Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands

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Fire Mountains of the Islands »

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Fire Mountains of the Islands: A History of Volcanic Eruptions and Disaster Management in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands  Whole book (PDF, 15.2MB)  (PDF,  15 MB)

  1. Burning Islands and Dampier’s Voyage: 1700 (PDF, 1.2MB)
  2. Volcano Sightings by European Navigators: 1528–1870 (PDF, 1.0MB)
  3. European Intruders and the 1878 Rabaul Eruption: 1870–1883 (PDF, 1.9MB)
  4. Volcanic Events of the German Era: 1884–1914 (PDF, 1.3MB)
  5. Australian Colonists and the Volcanoes of Mainland New Guinea: 1849–1938 (PDF, 1.2MB)
  6. Calderas, Ignimbrites and the 1937 Eruption at Rabaul: 1914–1940 (PDF, 3.1MB)
  7. Eruptions during the Pacific War and Postwar Recovery: 1941–1950 (PDF, 1.6MB)
  8. Disaster at Lamington: 1951–1952 (PDF, 1.7MB)
  9. Tony Taylor and an Eruption Time Cluster: 1951–1966 179 (PDF, 1.1MB)
  10. Plate Tectonics and False Alarms: 1960–1972 (PDF, 1.1MB)
  11. Cooke-Ravian and a Volcanic Resurgence: 1971–1979 (PDF, 920KB)
  12. Eruption Alert at Rabaul Caldera: 1971–1994 (PDF, 1.2MB)
  13. Eruptions at Rabaul: 1994–1999 (PDF, 1.3MB)
  14. Eruptions of the Early Twenty-first Century: 1998–2008 (PDF, 825KB)
  15. Reassessing Volcanic Risk in the North-eastern Gazelle Peninsula: 2000–2012 (PDF, 447KB)
  16. Historical Analysis and Volcanic Disaster-Risk Reduction (PDF, 235KB)

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